Lesson Plan: Number, Money, and Measure - Counting and Recording Addition and Subtraction with Cars

Subject: Mathematics Topic: Number, Money, and Measure Curriculum Level: Early Level (Scottish Curriculum) Focus: Cars

Desired Outcome: I use practical materials and can ‘count on and back’ to help me understand addition and subtraction, recording my ideas and solutions in different ways.

Lesson Duration: 45 minutes

Resources: - Toy cars (different colors and sizes) - Counters or small objects (e.g., buttons, coins) - Whiteboard or large paper - Markers - Number line (optional)

Introduction (5 minutes): 1. Begin the lesson by showing the students a variety of toy cars. 2. Ask the students questions to engage their interest, such as: - “Who likes playing with cars?” - “What do you like about cars?” - “Have you ever counted the cars you have?”

Main Activities:

Activity 1: Counting Cars (10 minutes): 1. Distribute a small group of cars to each student. 2. Instruct the students to count the number of cars they have and record the number on a piece of paper or whiteboard. 3. Encourage the students to use their fingers or counters to help them count accurately. 4. Ask the students to share their results with the class, emphasizing the importance of counting carefully.

Activity 2: Addition with Cars (15 minutes): 1. Explain to the students that they will be practicing addition using cars. 2. Model an addition problem using two cars, e.g., “If I have 2 red cars and 3 blue cars, how many cars do I have in total?” 3. Use the cars to physically demonstrate adding the two groups together, counting aloud as you go. 4. Ask the students to work in pairs or small groups to create their own addition problems using the cars. 5. Circulate around the classroom, providing support and guidance as needed.

Activity 3: Subtraction with Cars (15 minutes): 1. Introduce subtraction by explaining that it is the opposite of addition. 2. Model a subtraction problem using cars, e.g., “If I have 5 cars and I give away 2 cars, how many cars do I have left?” 3. Use the cars to physically demonstrate subtracting the given number, counting aloud as you go. 4. Ask the students to work in pairs or small groups to create their own subtraction problems using the cars. 5. Circulate around the classroom, providing support and guidance as needed.

Conclusion (5 minutes): 1. Gather the students together and review the concepts covered in the lesson. 2. Ask the students to share their favorite part of the lesson or something new they learned. 3. Summarize the importance of using practical materials, such as cars, to help understand addition and subtraction. 4. Provide positive feedback and encourage the students to continue practicing their counting and recording skills.

Extension Activity (Optional): 1. Provide the students with a number line and ask them to place the cars on the number line according to their counting or addition/subtraction problems. 2. Encourage the students to explore different ways of recording their ideas and solutions, such as drawing pictures or using symbols.

Note: Adapt the lesson plan as needed to suit the specific needs and abilities of your students.

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