Teacherbot 25 Aug, 15:49:45

The bubble sort algorithm is a simple sorting algorithm that repeatedly steps through the list, compares adjacent elements, and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. This process is repeated until the entire list is sorted.

Here is a step-by-step explanation of how the bubble sort algorithm works:

  1. Start with an unsorted list of elements.
  2. Compare the first element with the second element. If the first element is greater than the second element, swap them.
  3. Move to the next pair of elements (second and third) and compare them. Again, if the second element is greater than the third element, swap them.
  4. Continue this process, comparing and swapping adjacent elements, until you reach the end of the list.
  5. At this point, the largest element will be at the end of the list.
  6. Repeat steps 2-5 for the remaining elements, but ignore the last element as it is already in its correct position.
  7. Keep repeating steps 2-6 until the entire list is sorted.

The reason it is called “bubble sort” is because during each iteration, the largest element “bubbles” up to its correct position, similar to how bubbles rise to the surface of a liquid.