Monarch | Reign | Key Events/Contributions
Henry VII | 1485-1509 | Established the Tudor dynasty, ended the Wars of the Roses, founded the Royal Navy, and initiated the Court of Star Chamber.
Henry VIII | 1509-1547 | Broke away from the Roman Catholic Church, dissolved the monasteries, married six times, and oversaw the English Reformation.
Edward VI | 1547-1553 | Became king at age nine, introduced Protestant reforms, and died young.
Mary I | 1553-1558 | Restored Catholicism, persecuted Protestants, and earned the nickname "Bloody Mary."
Elizabeth I | 1558-1603 | Reestablished the Church of England, defeated the Spanish Armada, presided over a golden age of culture and exploration, and never married or had children.